Self regulation for Indigenous listeners through aen nistwayr (the story)


Schwarz and Skurnik (2003) introduce the phases and subprocesses of self regulation through a model that includes a performance phase, a self-reflection phase, and a forethought phase. The three phases follow a cyclical pattern and are applicable to Two-Eyed Seeing and acknowledge Wholistic Theory through Indigenous Ways of Knowing. The purpose of this research was to consult and examine stories from Indigenous communities in order to identify the ways in which self-regulation and problem solving was communicated through animal characters in situation-based scenarios. Five written, publicly available stories from different Indigenous traditions were selected for a qualitative analysis. The stories were separated into segments and each segment coded according to phase of model and sub-processes of self-regulation. Overall, results showed that the lessons inherent within the stories included a high level of self-regulatory strategies. Across stories, the forethought phase ranged from 22% to 42% of the story, the performance control phase ranged from 7% to 32% of the story, and the self-reflection phase ranged from 4% to 8% of the story. The most common sub-process identified in the collection of stories was task analysis (from 8% to 13%) within the forethought phase. These results indicate that a consistent theme in this collection of Indigenous stories was on the problem-solving aspects of self-regulation. Schwarz and Skurnik's framework is shown to be successful in approaching Indigenous story and has potential for the development of new stories which target problem solving in movement learning.