Physical literacy and Canadian newcomer children


Canadian newcomers are immigrants or refugees who have been in Canada for less than five years. Eighteen children, from a newcomer sport academy that offers developmentally appropriate and culturally safe quality multi-sport programs as a way to contribute to the positive community integration of newcomer children (ages 4-14), volunteered to participate in the study. Sport and physical activity can be a vehicle for social inclusion and may overcome barriers such as language. To examine the physical literacy of these newcomers the children completed the CAPL 2.0 assessment through four core domains: daily behaviour, knowledge and understanding, motivation and confidence, and physical competence. CAPL reports are compared across Canadian norms with gender and age controlled. For each domain the children were given ratings of excelling, achieving (meets minimum recommended level), progressing, or beginning. Overall physical literacy scores were mostly progressing for this group (n = 10), most were at the beginning level of physical competence (n = 10) and knowledge and understanding (n = 6), most were achieving for motivation and confidence (n = 6), and there was insufficient data to report the daily behaviour domain. Recommendations for supporting physical literacy development based on the study outcomes will be discussed.